When travelling for work or holidays, people's behaviour often changes. As travellers, we meet new people, often drink more than usual and sometimes find ourselves looking for sex a bit more. People may also have sex with a sex worker or have body piercings or get a tattoo.
If you travel to countries where HIV, STIs and BBVs are more common, and you take part in risky behaviour, then your chance of contracting HIV, an STI or a BBV is greatly increased.
If you are going to have sex, a condom used properly with a water-based personal lubricant is the most effective protection from STIs and HIV. Many of us are used to being able to access free condom and lube packs through gay bars and venues, but as condoms are not always readily available overseas, be prepared and pack your own condoms and lubricant with you before you travel.
Don't take too many though, as in some countries, possession of a very large number of condoms can be taken to mean you are a sex worker.
If you drink or take party drugs, remember your normal judgments of risk might rely on having friends around, or at least security guards who speak your own language! If you're alone or in new company, drink or dose in smaller amounts, spaced apart, and keep aware of your surroundings. Remember that possession of illegal substances in many countries can come with harsh penalties - including death.
In some countries, including Thailand, police raid nightclubs on a semi-regular basis. Hotel staff and tour guides may know which clubs are safest to visit.
If you experience sexual assault, remember there may not be the same support structures you'd expect to find in Australia. First ensure you're physically safe, then contact the Australian embassy or consulate. They can advise you what to expect and how best to proceed if you want to make a police report.
See Smart Traveller
In some countries there is a thriving trade in commercial sex work, targeting overseas visitors. If someone young and attractive comes on strong, it's not impolite to ask 'are you working?' to avoid misunderstandings later.
Remember the age of consent may vary overseas and sex between men is outright illegal in some countries. Do your research before you travel.